Destroyed building

Academic Articles

“When Persecution Bleeds into Mass Murder: The Processive Nature of Genocide”, in: Genocide Studies and Prevention, vol.1, no.2 (2006), pp.173-96.

“Seeing like a Nation-State: Young Turk Social Engineering in Eastern Turkey, 1913-1950”, in: Journal of Genocide Research, vol.10, no.1 (2008), pp.15-39.

“Geographies of Nationalism and Violence: Towards a New Understanding of Young Turk Social Engineering”, in: European Journal of Turkish Studies (2008), at:

“Collaboration in Genocide: Ottoman Empire, 1915-1916; Nazi-Occupied Baltic States, 1941-1944; and Rwanda, 1994”,co-authored with Anton Weiss-Wendt, in: Holocaust and Genocide Studies, vol.25, no.3 (Winter, 2011), pp.404-37.

“Inleiding: Massaal Geweld in de Twintigste Eeuw”, in: Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis, vol.124, no.4 (2011), pp.440-7.

“Orphans, Converts, and Prostitutes: Social Consequences of War and Persecution in the Ottoman Empire, 1914-1923”, in: War in History, vol.19, no.2 (2012), pp.173-92.

“Studying Mass Violence: Pitfalls, Problems and Promises”, in: Genocide Studies and Prevention, vol.7, no.1 (2012), pp.68-80.

“Creative Destruction: Shaping the High-Modernist City in Interwar Turkey”,in: Journal of Urban History, vol.39, no.2 (2013), pp.297-314.

“Rethinking the Violence of Pacification: State Formation and Bandits in the Young Turk Era, 1914-1937”, in: Comparative Studies in Society and History, vol.54, no.4 (2012), pp.746-69.

“Untying the Tongue-Tied: Cultural and Linguistic Genocide as Population Politics”, in: International Journal for the Sociology of Language, vol.217 (2012), pp.127-50.

“Property and Family: Mobilisation for Violence during the Armenian Genocide”, in: Tijdschrift voor Sociale en Economische Geschiedenis, vol.10, no.4 (2013), pp.96-118.

“The Armenian Genocide: A Multi-Dimensional Process of Destruction”, in: Global Dialogue, vol.15, no.1 (2013).

“Lost in Commemoration: The Armenian Genocide in Memory and Identity”, in: Patterns of Prejudice, vol.48, no.2 (2014), pp.147-66.

“Confiscation and Violence: A Comparison of Ottoman and Russian Economic Persecution in World War I”, co-authored with Eric Lohr, in: Journal of Modern European History, vol.12, no.4 (2014), pp.500-22.

“The Collapse of the Ottoman and Habsburg Empires and the Brutalization of the Successor States”, co-authored with Robert Gerwarth, in: Journal of Modern European History, vol.13, no.2 (2015), pp.226-48.

“Funny as Hell: The Functions of Humor during and after Genocide”, co-authored with Valerie Amandine Verkerke, in: European Journal of Humour Research, vol.3 (2015), pp.80-101.

“Dersim 1938: A Genocide of Modernity”, in: Wiener Jahrbuch für Kurdische Studien, vol.6 (2017), pp.48-55.

“On the Multiple Uses of Video Footage among Contemporary Perpetrators”, in: Journal of Perpetrator Research, vol.2, no.2 (2019), 207-15.

“Shabbiha: Paramilitary Groups, Mass Violence and Social Polarization in Homs”, in: Violence, vol.1, no.1 (2020), pp.59-79.

“Undercover etnografie en daderonderzoek in Syrië”, in: Kwalon, vol.26, no.3 (2021), pp.181-91.